nbnexplained

Welcome to Baby Boomers Lifestyle!

Who are the Baby Boomers?

The end of World War II came with a final explosion that resonated in ways never before witnessed. It was the big bang heard around the world – or we should say the ‘boom’ that lasted well into the mid 20th century. During the post-war years between 1946 and 1964, the most explosive population growth in recorded history took place.

And the Baby Boomers were born!
The rest, as they say, is history. Our history is rich with radical change as the sheer numbers of baby boomers bombarded society at every level. The arrival of the baby boomer generation impacted every corner of the earth in all aspects of life. Just as Baby Boomers reached teenaged years in massive numbers, the same will occur as we begin to reach retirement age and leave the workforce behind. The first of the

Baby Boomers may be looking at their mid-60s and wondering – what now?
Welcome to BabyBoomersLifestyle.org! We are your premier online resource site that talks the talk and will walk the walk with you – together. Our generation came into this world en masse. We baby boomers are smart, we’re active, we have goals. We baby boomers re-wrote the rule books and are still going strong. As an organization, BabyBoomersLifestyle.org wants to help our fellow Baby Boomers, no matter their skill level or aspiration, to continue to grow and prosper in life, health and in wealth. It’s never too late to make great strides toward personal improvement.
From rock-n-roll to the supreme advent of technology, we the people of the baby boomer population changed the face of the earth…forever.
As we travel on life’s journey, there are promises to be made:
• Baby Boomers will strive to live with youthfulness, vitality, and vigor
• Baby Boomers will take accountability to maintain optimal physical health (including mind, body, and spirit)
• Baby Boomers will never stop learning or seek ways to enrich our lives, whether it be financial matters or personal/professional improvement.

Join your fellow boomers, Jack and Diane Taylor who wrote, “With all of the information available to us online these days, we felt overwhelmed. With a one-stop shop for information that we can count on, we can honestly say that we have found a new home!”…

The Wireless Debate (Fibre vs Wireless)

Throughout the last few years, a number of commentators have asked the question “why not just create the NBN using only next-gen wireless technology?”

NBN Co chief Mike Quigley discussed this possibility at the CommsDay summit. “Quigley presented a scenario … where NBN Co would have access to the entire spectrum allocation to be vacated in the analog-to-digital TV switchover – known as ‘the digital dividend’.

“To get a committed rate of 5 Mbps, you would need 80,000 cell sites,” Quigley said.

“We have 16,000 today so we’d need to multiply today’s wireless networks by five to get a committed information rate of 5 Mbps to 60 percent of premises.

“And of course if you have 80,000 cell sites around the country, what do you connect them up with? Fibre. So you still need ubiquitous fiber.”

Computerworld did an article which compares fiber and wireless solutions in the context of the NBN. The articles discuss the two major 4G technologies WiMAX and LTE and their potential to replace a fiber NBN.

“WiMAX as it currently stands in Australia is untenable as a nation-wide broadband network, and certainly isn’t capable of delivering the committed 100Mbps speeds that the Federal Government proposes to deliver for at least 90 percent of Australians.

Unlike optic fiber-based network technologies, the WiMAX technology’s greatest asset is also yet to make a strong appearance in commercial reality. 802.16m WiMAX, otherwise known as “WiMAX 2?, purports to deliver peak speeds of 300Mbps and lower latency than previous generations to make applications like Voice over IP (VoIP) easier to deliver over the network. However, the specification is yet to be finalized and, while reports earlier this year pointed to 2011 as the beginning of the standard, the timeline has since been pushed back to 2012 according to Intel.

The other major 4G technology, Long Term Evolution (LTE), has been marked as the direct successor to current HSPA services by industry body 3GPP, with greater capability for VoIP and telephony services under an all-IP network.

LTE sees a shift in the way most broadband and telecommunications players operate. LTE’s all-IP technological foundations essentially require operators to switch off existing 2G and ultimately 3G networks. While this is inevitable at some point, it also means a potentially massive shift with similar repercussions to the shutoff of the Australian CDMA network in 2008.”2

As the above graph shows in the real world LTE provides much slower speeds, Verizon “…estimates that a real connection on a populated network should average between 5Mbps to 12Mbps in download rates and between 2Mbps to 5Mbps for uploads … The speed is significantly less than the theoretical 100Mbps promised”34

“If Mike Quigley is right, and Australians demand speeds of up to 1Gbps by the year 2020 … fiber can meet those needs; current and foreseeable wireless broadband technologies can’t.”5

However, there is another component to this debate; a number of commentators have also claimed that the growing “…popularity of 3G wireless broadband services has the potential to cannibalize National Broadband Network subscriptions.6”

In January 2010 Exetel boss John Linton commented that people “…want mobility and are content with speeds at 10 percent of what’s being proposed under the NBN.”7 His comments came after an ACMA report which showed a 162 percent increase in the uptake of mobile broadband services.

One of the issues with this claim is that although the mobile wireless internet is increasing at a fast pace so far ABS figures have shown that it is not at the expense of DSL. The following graph shows that the number of DSL subscribers is actually increasing albeit more gradually.

In response to Linton’s post-Conroy commented that “The growth in wireless services does not have to be at the expense of fixed broadband, or vice versa. At a more technical level, wireless and fixed broadband technologies are complementary”.8”

Conroy’s statement is mirrored by the latest ABS statistics. While the statistics show wireless subscribers are steadily increasing, they also show the amount of data downloaded with DSL is increasing and conversely the amount of data downloaded over wireless appears to be shrinking en masse.

Clearly, DSL has jumped massively in the amount of data downloaded… zooming in on wireless for a moment:

One would assume this shows wireless is a complementary technology, even with the increase in subscribers the amount downloaded with wireless is decreasing. This shows that people continue to turn to fixed lines for heavy lifting, DSL averages 33GB per connection whereas wireless averages only 3GB. A report released by the ACCC in March 2010 supports this statement.

While we see the increasing popularity of wireless and mobile platforms as encouraging, the degree of substitutability between the technologies needs to be considered in context. The demand shift towards mobile and wireless services is generally confined to those consumers requiring voice-only services and/or low data usage. Technical restrictions due to backhaul capacity from mobile base stations and spectrum limitations pose significant barriers for mobile and wireless platforms. Therefore, while we will keep the matter under consideration, our present view is that these platforms are unlikely to be closely substitutable for the fixed platform in the provision of the full range of services offered on the fixed network.9…

A Healthy Diet Is Especially Important For Baby Boomers

A healthy diet and exercise are essential parts of living healthy at any stage in life this especially true for baby boomers. As we age, however, it becomes more and more important to follow a healthy diet and exercise regularly in order to keep all aspects of our body healthy.

What is the best diet for baby boomers, though?

This topic is up for debate and Jeanine Mincher, Ph.D. Dietetic Technician at Youngstown State University says that while there is no one universal diet for everyone there are general guidelines that those in the baby boomer category should follow.

Mincher noted that in the United States Department of Agriculture and the United States Department of Health and Human Services recently released their dietary guidelines for Americans, which they release every five years. The guidelines’ recommendation is “when you look at your plate, half of it should be fruits and vegetables,” said Mincher.

“I think it’s important to have the half a plate concept of fruits and vegetables no matter who you are or what your age is, but it’s even more critical for the baby boomer,” added Mincher.

Mincher also recommended that while embracing this concept it is also important to stay away from starchy vegetables like potatoes and corn. They can be included but in moderation.

Healthyaging.net suggests that another beneficial diet for baby boomers to follow is the Mediterranean Diet. The Mediterranean Diet focuses on a mix of vegetables, fruits, fish, legumes, whole grains and olive oil.

According to Healthyaging.net, the Mediterranean diet is not only beneficial for physical health but also mental health, as it has been shown to reduce the risk of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.

Exercise is very important in maintaining health, especially for baby boomers. A healthy diet alone is not enough to keep from adding inches to the waistline as we age, and like the Mediterranean Diet, exercise is shown to not only keep one looking sharp but thinking sharp as well.

But how is one to exercise while aging and often losing strength, which is the case for most baby boomers?

The answer to that is simple: the exercise does not have to be a muscle grinding endurance testing blowout. In fact, walking is all the exercise that the baby boomer needs to keep a healthy figure and mind.

According to babyboomer-magazine.com, as little as two-and-a-half hours of walking per week can significantly improve memory and reduce memory loss. The online magazine also noted a study from the Centers for Disease Control that 30 minutes of exercise a day, even if done 10 minutes at a time, often provides the same health benefits of more strenuous exercises.

Another important aspect of baby boomers‘ nutrition is the multivitamin. As the body ages, digestion gains efficiency, we need fewer calories and many tend to eat less, causing those in the baby boomer category to not get all the vitamins and minerals that the body requires.

“I do usually take vitamins, usually, typically multivitamins every day. . . and I do feel like they help a lot like if I take them for a period of time and stop taking them I do notice a difference,” said Sal Sanders, associate professor in the Bitonte College of Health and Human Services at Youngstown State University and also a baby boomer.

However, vitamins can be misused as well. According to Mincher, this happens when people try to replace foods with vitamins. “Vitamins can never replace food because there are a lot more substances in foods . . . there are plant chemicals we call phytochemicals and other things that make us healthy that aren’t replicated in vitamins,” said Mincher.

So baby boomers; make sure to eat those fruits and vegetables, exercise and throw a multivitamin in the mix and you can expect to keep both physically and mentally fit.…

Introduction to NBN Co

NBN Co plans to offer a wholesale-only Layer 2 bitstream product. The purpose of the limited NBN Co product offering is to occupy as small a footprint as possible allowing Retail Service Providers (RSP) significant ability to innovate and develop new services1. What this means is that end users will not have a direct relationship with NBN Co but will purchase services from separate Retail Service Providers (RSPs).


WHAT DOES THIS MEAN FOR ME!

NBN Co will not be a vertical monopoly! NBN Co will be a wholesale only provider. In short, this means NBN Co is excluded from selling services directly to the end user. One of the main reasons NBN Co is wholesale only is to prevent it from becoming a vertical monopoly. The danger of a vertical monopoly is with one company controlling the access network and also providing a retail channel they have a vested interest to prevent competition to protect their retail services. This will prevent NBN Co from becoming “Telstra 2.0″ as some have claimed2.

One of the major changes as part of the NBN from the end user standpoint is that with the NBN providing a nationwide wholesale platform the traditional role of an ISP will change. By only supporting Layer 2 the NBN will require the existence of RSP’s to assign layer 3 IP addresses and route IP packets. An RSP will replace ISP’s as companies which provide retail services to end users over the NBN.

These RSP’s can provide connectivity to the Public Internet or to Private IP networks (e.g. special purpose RSP’s for utilities, TV, corporate tunnels, etc.).

Today’s networked applications are obliged to operate “over the top” of the Public Internet (i.e. through the Public Internet and a single ISP). With the NBN this will still be possible, but also many applications which should not be carried through the Public Internet (e.g. utilities, business tails) can go through a special purpose RSP.3

Layer 2 bitstream services for business, and what it means for them…

Today’s broadband is “only” for Internet use and forces all applications to be carried over the Public Internet. With NBN this is only one of the options available. An example is a telephony, which via the NBN can be VoIP through an internet RSP (e.g. RSP-provided VoIP phone service, or Skype), or through an NBN connected special RSP (a “VoIP only telephony RSP”).4

NBN Co CEO Mike Quigley has ruled out the possibility of NBN Co providing Layer 3 services5. However, he did say that NBN Co may consider offering Layer 1 services in the future. “We’ve certainly looked at all of those [Layer 1] structures, we’ve looked at the implications of going various ways… we understand well the implications of moving towards that path. We’ll probably be doing some trials and experimentation… it’s not a closed issue one way or the other.”6

WHAT DOES THIS MEAN FOR ME!

Choice and flexibility! With the new network, there will be virtually infinite opportunities for competition and different services to co-exist. At the moment you can churn from one ISP to another. With the NBN “…you can have several RSP’s at once (each on a different Ethernet port, for example, a service provider for Internet access, another for IPTV, another for corporate connectivity). So while competition/choice today consists of “serial monogamy” (churning from one ISP to another), competition/choice through the NBN consists of “polygamy/polyandry” (multiple simultaneous service providers).7” There will be much more flexibility. In short, this will allow the end user to use different RSP service offerings at the same time, and to change between service providers more rapidly8.

For more information on why NBN Co chose Layer 2 see this paper http://www.nbnco.com.au/wps/wcm/connect/1c18dc00439fe2a58b63ffc5166da634/NBN001_concept_paper_final.pdf?MOD=AJPERES
At a presentation to the Australian Information Industry Association (AIIA) in August 2010 Quigley outlined what could be expected from the NBN in end-user terms (speed and monthly download quotas)9. The following table illustrates this.

Ultimately it is up to the RSP’s to decide what plans they will provide the end user. However, the experience so far has shown that this is the kind of plans end users should expect to see. Current offerings from iiNet and … show that ……

Noah Baby

The past week has been a tumultuous one.  In the state I live in, when a child is removed from their home for negligence or abuse or marked a “dependency” (like an orphan), the DCBS (Department of Community Based Services) worker is required to set up an emergency family meeting within five days of removal to review the case plan for the child.  This meeting allows the birth parents, foster parents, and any other family members to get on the same page regarding the goals that need to be met for reunification and what is required to maintain foster or relative placement.


Baby S was born in August.  The day after she was born I emailed the caseworker to alert her and ask when that meeting would be scheduled, assuming that she’d be placed in state custody since there was an open uncompleted case plan on the birth parents.  I inquired into the scheduling of the five-day meeting and, for weeks, was constantly told that schedules just couldn’t align and that the meeting would occur whenever Baby S was released from the hospital.  She was released in early October but the meeting still never occurred.  I continued to email and follow-up with the caseworker until, finally, she responded back and advised that they were able to get something scheduled for last Tuesday.

I brushed off the fact that the caseworker was 20 minutes late for the meeting and my sister (not birth mom) and I was left in a somewhat awkward situation, sitting in a stark room in the DCBS office with Brother E and Baby S’s foster parents.  I was such a nervous wreck that morning that I forgot to grab the notebook where I had jotted down a slew of important questions.  It was during this meeting that the caseworker, very matter-of-factually, advised that the termination hearing for Brother E would occur in December and, from her view, there was nothing that could be done to stop it unless a family member stepped up to take custody of the children.  She even related that DCBS planned to recommend a sped-up termination of parental rights (TPR) on Baby S so any decision for relative placement had to be made very quickly.


My sister spoke up and asked the caseworker to explain what needed to be done to consider relative placement and she expressed her concerns over adoption proceedings, considering that once the children are adopted there is no legal document that can be drafted to ensure that the siblings maintain contact, only the birth parent, and the children.  At that moment I truly felt for the foster parents.  There they were sitting across from the two people who could potentially remove the child they had so painstakingly developed a deep bond with over the past year and the little baby who had just joined their home who was so obviously a gift to them.  But at that moment the gut-wrenching reality that Noah’s siblings could become strangers to him also struck me.

After the meeting, I emailed the caseworker to advise that my husband and I were in the very early stages of considering petitioning for custody of Brother E and Baby S but that I had a lot of questions regarding assistance they could receive under our care.  The caseworker and I had similar conversations back in January and, ultimately, my husband and I decided not to take Brother E.  I lost my job unexpectedly during that discussion and didn’t think it fair to cause any more financial strain on my small family.


In my email last week I asked about adoption, kinship care, medical benefits, child care – all the responsible, intelligent factors that impact a person’s ability to care for a child.  The caseworker confirmed receipt of my email (Tuesday) and advised that she’d get back to me on Wednesday or Thursday with some responses.  Come Friday I still had not heard a peep.  I emailed a friendly reminder to inquire but got nothing back.  This past Monday came and, again, nothing.  So there I was again, emailing a politely worded reminder to no avail.  Come Wednesday of this week (over a week since I had initially contacted her), I sent a more sternly worded email, advising that the holiday was quickly approaching as was the TPR hearing and that I was trying to collect information so I could make an informed decision.

It’s not that my husband and I planned on making a decision right at that moment.  It was that for that entire week I felt like someone was sitting on my chest and that I couldn’t breathe.  I had spent every available moment tossing around possible schemes to make having three children under the age of three work in our home.  It was very clear to us that to make it work that one of us would have to quit our job to stay home with the children, as childcare expenses would be too high to reasonably justify working.  Can my salary alone support a family of five?  It definitely could work but it would require us to readjust our lifestyle a bit.  It was a choice my husband I were still exploring – questions like whether it was more important that Noah has access to private education and all the other luxuries that our income provides or that Noah is raised alongside his brother and sister, albeit a little more frugally?

I had hoped that there would be something encouraging from the caseworker in one of her emails, a glimmer reassuring me that it was something completely doable.  Instead, I was advised that the children would not qualify for any type of assistance because they are “dependency” cases and not cases of abuse.  And, then, there was this one-liner:

“Your home setup would be appropriate to care for the children, however, DCBS would not recommend you for placement, as we were set to place Brother E I in your custody in January and you changed your mind.”…